How to write an Argumentative essay

On May 26th, 2015, Posted by admin

Unlike the other essays, an argumentative essays stands for what it says in its name. It is all about arguing a particular position- either for or against something. Argumentative essays are a kind of formal writing, which is particularly used in the humanities, especially in fields such as history. They are based on logical analysis of facts and situations.


They are based on engaging in arguments through argument-based prose writing. Argumentative essays help in sharpening your analytical and logical reasoning skills and are about convincing the reader in a strong way as to why certain positions are acceptable or unacceptable. In this, it differs from the persuasive essay, which is a milder version.

There are three basic qualities of an argumentative essay. It should display exemplary use of clear, precise and concise language. It should focus on the essentials and come to the point. It has to be based on strong and verifiable evidence. The arguments used should be precise, clearly worded out and unambiguous.

The general structure of such an essay has the standard format: Introduction, Body and Conclusion. The Introduction starts with the thesis statement, which explains briefly, what the essay is about. The body consists of paragraphs, each paragraph will present the claim  with its supporting evidence, which is presented in a logical and sequential fashion. Each claim should build up on the other one so that

The conclusion supports the thesis premise and makes some comment on the implications. You can make your essay more attractive to the reader, by creating an intriguing and interesting title, after you have crafted the essay. Dull and boring titles may put off the reader. The introduction is the “hook” by which you should pull in your audience’s interest.

The introduction should have the background and the thesis statement, which leads to the rest of the essay. The background is necessary so that your audience knows the context behind the topic and it would help them appreciate the topic better. It may include such things as dates, peoples, countries or places, preceding events, rules and regulations etc.

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Always remember to do some pre-planning before you start on the essay. A strong argumentative essay would require a topic that you can debate on, from a position of strength. An interesting topic is great, provided it can be argued with strong reasons, evidence and rationale. AN interesting topic which does not have much evidential backing, would give rise to a weak argument.  During exploratory searches,  find out as much evidence and points in favour and against your opinion and express it convincingly.

You can also find out ways to attack the counterarguments in the essay. You will have to decide the points you are going to use for the essay. They have to be supported by substantial evidence. You will also need to find evidence to refute the points proposed by the opposing side as this will help strengthen your hand and make it difficult for people to refute. It also shows that you have done your homework and research well and that you have taken an objective and unbiased perspective on the issue.

To  make your essay convincing, use strong and passionate language. Use plenty of facts, and evidence.

Image source: [Stuart Miles] FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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