How to write a Descriptive essay

On May 15th, 2015, Posted by admin

Descriptive essays are meant to test the power of observation of the writer. Writing the essays requires extremely meticulous attention on the part of the writer and primary focus on details. In very simple words, when you are asked to write a description of someone or something through an essay, you need to create a full sensual experience for the reader.


You need to describe that person or object using all five of your senses – sense of sight, touch, speaking, ears and taste. Your description should be such that it should bring the event or place or object right in front of you, as if you are witnessing it for yourself. In short, your reader’s attention should be so drawn, that he or she gets completely submerged in the sensorial experience: It should be a kind of sound and light show using words.


Successful descriptive essays should be rich with imagery and deals with written account of an object, event, description, thought, emotion- anything which comes under the ability ot be described. By practicing descriptive essays, students will develop their powers of observation, memory, recall, creation and imagination; thus, it develops and enhances the students’ ability to visualize and imagine what he created.

To develop one’ s skills at descriptive essay writing, the best way is to keep practicing and working at it, until it shapes up into a desirable form. However, there are some guidelines, which if used appropriately, can help you to come up with very imaginative, descriptive essays. Check them out below.

Prewriting-Choice of an idea

Choose an idea or a situation, a person or an object which fascinates you, which has some influence over you and you ascribe a lot of meaning to it. When you are passionate about the idea and have a fascination with it, your writing will definitely stand out and display more clarity. You can brainstorm and thresh out lots of ideas and select the ones which seem to be the most compelling and interesting, in your view.


Since it is a descriptive essay, it needs to be as detailed and as minute as possible. For this you may need to take detailed observations of the place or object, the person you want to write about. You have to be very meticulous in your observations. If it is a place you want to write about, talk about its sights, sounds, smells, sights, visuals, feelings created, weather, environment, context, unusual or usual things, the description of the roads, houses etc and give it a personal feeling, as if you are physically there. Use all your senses and capture as many details, as is possible. Understand the reason for writing the essay and incorporate that into your writing so that your description has a powerful feeling about it. This would raise it to a higher level in terms of impact factor as that particular feeling would be resonating through out it.

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Get into the action right from the beginning. Try to avoid round-about paragraphs. Come straight to what you want to talk about but elaborate on it. Show, don’t tell. Describe but do not out-rightly tell what is happening. Let the reader visualize and grasp it. That is the success of quality descriptive writing.Write a conclusion that matches and fits the essay and is what the description should lead to. It should be logical.Write a thesis statement at the beginning of the essay to encapsulate the chief ideas and what it leads up to.

Image Source: [Stuart Miles] FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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