Comparing Greek and Roman Works of Art

The Roman and Greek works of art developed at the same time. This means that they have specific similarities and comparisons. This paper explores the Temple of Athena (427 – 424 BCE) and The Colosseum (72 – 80 CE). The two works are presented in two-dimensions as their form. The painters have relied on the use of oil in canvas to ensure the paintings are long-lasting.

Different techniques

The use of these materials is necessary because it makes them appreciable to the viewer. The painters have used different techniques to produce artworks (Walker, 2009). This including freehand brushing. The painters have used black and variants of brown color. The works of art have relied on different color shades to create the required texture. There is also a unique balance created using different colors and forms. The work of art is representational because it depicts different approaches to Greek and Roman art.

With different variants of colors, there is a creature of hue and value. There is also texture created through different colors and lines. The subject matter is reflective of the ancient structures and buildings comprised of different forms of art that are peculiar to the Greek and Roman art that developed for a very long time.

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The representational work is relevant because it portrayals the unique features of Roman architectural designs and compares it to those of the Greeks. The balance and value created changes systematically based on the ideas and intentions of the painter (Szondu, 2006). The message of the two works of art is the knowledge and understanding of ancient forms of art. The two works are painted using different colors and shades to present to the viewer the intended message. This helps identify major issues about art including how it is depictive of historical architecture.


The other important thing is that symbolism has been used in the two paintings. The meaning of the works of art is representation and superiority. During the period, art was being as a form of physical presence and military strength. The paintings represent this meaning based on different ideological concepts. During ancient times, the Greeks and Romans were rivals in terms of military strength. The same ideas and concepts were applied in their paintings and buildings. There was also the theme of masculinity and power expressed through the symbolic elements used during the time.

This is something notable as the context of the artworks as presented in these paintings (Lagerlund, 2010). The function of the artwork is to inform the audience about the strengths of the works and how they represent power. It is also notable that the works have greater historical significance based on the information about the Romans and Greeks obtained from the works of art. The traditional role of the artist exemplified is the ability to represent, educate and inform the audience about the subject matter.


Lagerlund, H. (2010). Encyclopedia of Medieval Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mark, D. (2010). Looking at Greek Art. New York: Wiley and Sons.

Shaw, W. (2010). Possessors and Possessed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Szondu, P. (2006). On Textual understanding and other essays. London: Longman.

Walker, J. (2009). Visual Culture: An Introduction. London: Longman.

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